Last update to this page: 25th October 2019.
Vserver Kernels for Debian Users
Psand's been actively supporting the Linux-Vserver project since 2009 - their kernels have provided us an amazingly stable and efficient method of virtualizing our network infrastructure at our racks in London and the United States.
System Administrator, Psand Limited
"We've been so grateful for the project, but really that's not a strong enough word, it's been the backbone of our infrastructure and essential."
In return, we've been providing this repository and compiling and testing the kernels for the Debian operating system. A lot of the heavy lifting has been done by Ben whilst the rest of us have cheered on from the sidelines. He's also contributed a fair whack of content to the Vserver Wiki over the years and provided builds for the vserver-util packages.
Kernels for debian releases
The vserver kernels are built for various releases of Debian GNU/Linux. The kernels are tested on our development servers and then on our client staging servers. Once they are considered stable, they're deployed into production. The kernels are made available at our public repository (see below).
We've been doing this since 2009, so we've got kernels available for:
- Debian 5.0 "Lenny"
- Debian 6.0 "Squeeze"
- Debian 7.0 "Wheezy"
- Debian 8.0 "Jessie"
- Debian 9.0 "Stretch"
- Debian 10.0 "Buster"
Older kernels are available for the i386 and amd64 platforms, but only amd64 was continued after "Stretch". An automated script on amd64 based Vserver guests is used for the build.
For those interested in compiling their own modules, or who use DKMS, header and source files are also also available. If the header package was added after the kernel, the kernel package needs to be re-installed (
apt-get --re-install install) in order for the linking to the headers to take place.
The config for these kernels is based on the the most recent Debian configs, with extra questions answered in a Debian style; compiling all available resources as modules where possible unless there's a good reason not to.
How to use the Debian Repository
First add this line to your
deb http://repo.psand.net/ buster main
Then run this to add the gpg key to apt:
apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys C6BF2F85752AC5D7
Proceed as normal, updating your sources thus:
You may also find some stuff in contrib and non-free. To have a look for the kernel packages compiled by Ben one might use:
apt-cache search linux | grep beng
One could replace the
linux-image which will find only kernel images (so ignoring source and header packages).
Automatic Kernel Update with a Metapackage
A set of metapackages has been added to the repository. This package will automatically install the latest build of Linux-Vserver patched kernel. To install it do:
apt-get install linux-image-vserver-4.9-beng
From then on, when you upgrade your system, apt will grab the latest
beng build of the vserver kernel. You can do the same for the
source packages too using
There are also legacy metapackages for many older series kernels in the squeeze and wheezy parts of the repository. These may be removed at some point, thought currently I have no reason to remove them. I'll endeavour to let people know if there's to be a big repository shake up.
Ben's also compiling util-vserver pre-release as they are released. They are simple compiles of the tar balls provided upstream with no modification, unless I discover small fixes. Consult the changelogs and build versions for such info.
apt-get install util-vserver
Should get you a working vserver environment (with an appropriate kernel of course).
Levels of support for the packages
There isn't much, but we do provide security updates for critical kernel issues, as the patches become available from the vserver developers.
There are currently no active mirrors.
These kernels and other packages are provided with absolutely no warranty.